Resident Project Guide, Part Four
Types of Projects
- Literature Appraisal/EBM Review
This involves a detailed review of the literature on a specific topic pertinent to family medicine. Original research papers should be reviewed and appraised using critical appraisal skills. Those interested in topics debunking a Canadian healthcare myth related to family medicine may choose to create a “Mythbuster.” This method must follow the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation guidelines.
If this option is selected, residents should indicate that this is the intended format of the project and discuss the requirements and page length with their project supervisor and project coordinator.
- Position Paper/Essay
This involves an extensive treatise on a topic of importance to family medicine. Topics can also relate to a broad range of pertinent issues such as the history of medicine, medical philosophy, medical education, politics, etc. The report must include critically appraised evidence to support the argument being presented.
- Educational Tool
This involves developing a tool or resource useful for the education of physicians, other health care workers, patients or the public. The educational tool needs to be accompanied by a description of how the topic was selected, a literature review and the reason for the need of the tool.
- Practice Quality Improvement Project/Audit
This involves identifying a practice-based question, finding evidence-based guidelines/recommendations to guide the approach to clinical care with respect to the question, constructing an audit tool, auditing charts, and reporting the results along with recommendations.
- Research Project
This involves the posing of a question, reviewing the literature, selecting the methods needed to answer the research question, collecting original data, conducting the data analysis, and reporting the findings.
Residents are encouraged to engage in original research. It is important for residents to be aware that research projects require more steps to complete than other types of projects and therefore may take longer to complete. Most research projects require approval by the local research ethics board. Residents are advised to speak with their project coordinator about the need for ethical approval for their project.