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Dal oncology resident finds high rates of burnout among Canadian peers
Dalhousie resident Dr. Hannah Dahn has published a timely study of burnout and resiliency among residents in oncology and hematology training programs in Canada. The first of its kind in Canada, the study confirms other findings that medical residents face an extraordinarily high risk of burnout.
Practical Radiation Oncology published the story online in August (print publication pending this fall) and Dr. Dahn presented her project at the Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology (CARO) annual meeting in Montreal in September.
“Burnout is highly prevalent among professionals in the field of oncology,” says Dr. Dahn, whose work garnered a great deal of interest at the CARO meeting. “The physical toll of long hours, combined with the intense emotional burden of caring for very sick, anxious patients, can be overwhelming.”
Burnout has become an important topic at Dalhousie Medical School and many other medical schools in Canada and the U.S. Dr. Dahn—a third-year resident who typically works 50 to 70 hours a week and spends about 60 per cent of her time with cancer patients and their families—wanted to learn how her fellow residents are faring.
With the support of Dr. David Bowes, director of Dalhousie’s radiation oncology residency training program, Dr. Dahn reached out to 187 oncology and hematology residents across Canada through an anonymous online survey. The survey asked the residents about work schedules and sleep patterns, resiliency and wellness training, and whether they would be willing to incorporate new activities into their busy schedules to address burnout and emotional exhaustion.
Thirty per cent of the residents responded to Dahn’s survey. The average resiliency score was 65 on a scale from zero to one hundred, with a higher score indicating more resiliency. In comparison, other studies have found that the average resiliency score among the general population is 80. Dahn’s results also showed that 42 per cent of the residents who responded to her survey exceeded the threshold for two key burnout indicators—emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. More than half the residents felt they had not received adequate resiliency and wellness training.
“Physicians are trained to be strong. We are making life and death decisions every day, and we have to put the patient’s needs ahead of our own,” she explains. “But it should still be okay to make time to look after ourselves without feeling like it’s a weakness.”
Cancer is a frightening disease, with a higher mortality rate than many others. Dr. Dahn says oncologists are taught to accept that reality, but they must also learn to bounce back. “I think it’s about finding strategies to help you feel like an even-keeled ship that can’t be rocked,” she says.
Dalhousie and other medical schools have begun offering group discussions, yoga sessions and lessons on meditation to help medical students and residents build their resiliency skills. Dr. Rob Rutledge, a radiation oncologist who runs cancer patient support groups, has also started running wellness sessions with oncology residents and staff physicians at the QEII Health Sciences Centre focusing on mindfulness and awareness.
Dr. Dahn also sees the value in mindfulness and has been meditating for over two years now. “You can tell when your mind is wandering. Meditation helps you recognize that and get back to where you need to be,” says Dr. Dahn. “Even if it takes 10 minutes out of a day, you get that back.”
She tested herself by tackling a lifelong fear of heights.
“After I started meditating, I went cliff-jumping,” she remembers with a laugh. “I put the fear away and walked thirty feet off a cliff!”
It may be difficult to persuade very busy, tired residents to take time out for meditation, yoga or cliff-jumping. But Dr. Dahn acknowledges it’s also difficult to convince some oncology specialists, who’ve been practising medicine for many years, that resiliency training is an important part of the curriculum. It will be a mandatory component of Canadian residency programs starting this year.
Dr. Dahn will continue to promote wellness and resiliency as part of a committee assigned by Dr. Carolyn Thomson, assistant dean of resident affairs at Dalhousie Medical School.
“We are trying to forge a path,” says Dahn, who plans to make teaching a big part of her future career. “I want to help change the culture that expects health professionals to be impervious to burnout.”
Dalhousie Medical School appointed Dr. Thomson as its first senior leader in resident affairs, in large part due to her years of experience providing professional and wellness support to physicians and residents through Doctors Nova Scotia. “It’s imperative that universities and teaching hospitals examine their policies, environments and cultures and find ways to alleviate their contribution to burnout,” Dr. Thomson says. “Not only does burnout put residents’ health and wellness at risk, it can compromise patient safety.”
If a doctor is too tired or overwrought to listen, or explain a disease and its treatment, patients will suffer and so will the health care system. That message pertains to residents in many specialties, and also to medical students who grapple with a demanding workload and financial strain before they even know where their career will take them.
“At the same time as we address systemic and institutional factors that contribute to stress and burnout, we have to provide residents with tools and supports they can use to look after themselves,” Dr. Thomson notes. “Residency will always be demanding and challenging… we have to educate and equip our residents to manage their own wellbeing as they travel their chosen path.”
Double the dedication
Dr. Tara Dahn (left) and Dr. Hannah Dahn share more than their DNA. The twin sisters are graduates of Dalhousie Medical School (Class of 2016), and both are pursuing residency training at Dalhousie. While Hannah is three years into the five-year program radiation oncology program, Tara completed the two-year family medicine program and is now doing the one-year emergency medicine program. They supported each other through medical school, and now that they both work long hours in stressful fields as residents, they remind each other to take care of herself.
“I’m very proud of what Hannah is doing with her work on resident resilience,” Tara says. “If you don’t think about your emotional health and wellness, it will take a toll on you further down the road.”
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